Operating Revenue: Definition, How It’s Generated, and Examples

To an investor, a sharp bump in earnings like this makes the company look like a very attractive investment. However, since the sale cannot be replicated or duplicated, it can’t be considered operating income and should be removed from performance analysis. The problem is that profit in an accounting period can be skewed by things that have little to do with the everyday running of the business. For example, there are occasions when a company earns a significant, one-off amount of income from investment securities, a wholly owned subsidiary, or the sale of a large piece of equipment, property or land.

  • For a non-financial business, the non-operating income that is earned through investing activities such as interest expense on debt securities will be reported as a non-operating item on the income statement.
  • Like the nonprofit organization, the preschool might also sell merchandise, either to raise awareness or promote community spirit.
  • The main operations of retail stores are the purchasing and selling of merchandise, which requires a lot of cash on hand and liquid assets.
  • For instance, a firm might make a sizable one-time profit through the sale of a sizable piece of land, equipment, or property, a wholly-owned subsidiary, or investment securities.

Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) and operating income are sometimes used interchangeably, but they are not the same. While operating income equals revenue minus operating expenses, EBIT also subtracts the cost of goods sold (COGS). Conversely, net income is revenue minus all expenses, including operating expenses and nonoperating expenses, such as taxes. Since the earnings are not expected to occur regularly or frequently, non-operating income is not used in the measurement of the business’ success. For example, if a business made a one-time sale of property, it would produce a non-operating income.

It is rather attributable to a company’s managerial and financial decisions. The revenue generated from the primary or core activities of a company is referred to as operating revenue. It is important to differentiate between operating and non-operating revenue to gain insights into the efficiency of a firm’s core operations. Like the retail business, the nonprofit organization has three types of income, but only the contributions from donors are considered operating revenue. It can inflate the total earnings of the company even if the core business operations are not performing up to standards.

It informs interested parties about how much revenue was converted into profit due to the company’s routine and continuous business operations. The company’s gains from investment (dividends and interests), interest expense to credit-holders, and losses caused by the sale of land and lawsuit are all non-operating gains or losses. Overall, the company incurred a net non-operating loss of $7,000 for the year after adding up the gains and subtracting losses. By adding up the non-operating income to the operating income, the company’s earnings before taxes can be calculated. If the total non-operating gains are greater than the non-operating losses, the company reports a positive non-operating income. If the non-operating losses exceed the total gains, the company realizes a negative non-operating income (loss).

The operating income is the profit the business earns after deducting operating expenses. It refers to the revenue and expenses resulting from the company’s core business and includes selling, general and administrative expenses. Sometimes companies try to conceal poor operating profit with high, non-operating income. Beware of management teams attempting to flag metrics that incorporate inflated, separate gains.


It’s important to understand how each type of revenue impacts your business accounting and financial statements. Understanding this metric allows you to make year-over-year comparisons of your income statement. At a glance, you can assess the health of your business using the metric of revenue. The opposite problem will arise if the company records a one-time gain from an asset sale or currency translation. In such cases, including the items before calculating operating income would overstate the company’s financial performance and negatively impact its valuation multiples.

  • If the building is sold at a gain, the gain will be treated as non-operating revenue in the year it was sold.
  • S-X 5-03 mandates the companies to report in the income statement or the footnote about the loss or profit on securities and income deductions.
  • The following matrix “Operating vs. Non-operating” identifies the classifications as they are reflected in the annual filing system.
  • In addition to running its core business, the company also made some investments, which brought in $10,000 in dividends and $8,000 in interest income.

But only the tuition from the primary service provided to its customers is considered operating revenue. Government incentives or grants received for non-core business operations like research and development, environmental initiatives, SEZ development etc. Non-operating income is an additional source of revenue for the company and is strategically important because it acts as a safety cushion against losses in the business’s operations. When non-operating revenue exceeds operating income, it raises questions about the organization’s operations, purpose, and activities. Non-operating revenue is beneficial to the organization, but it should be limited and smaller than operating income to retain the company’s market reputation. A multi-step income statement can reflect a company’s financial health more clearly than a single-step income statement, which does not distinguish between operational and non-operating earnings and costs.

Government Grants

Non-operating income is commonly referred to as “other income”; it is also known as “income from non-core activities”. Income generated from the settlement of legal disputes or awards from arbitration bodies for the cases/issues which do not form part of fundamental business operations. Subtract operating income from the company’s total income to calculate non-operating income.

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For example, a company may categorize any costs incurred from restructuring, reorganizing, costs from currency exchange, or charges on obsolete inventory as non-operating expenses. Non-operating income includes but is not limited to, dividend income, gain or loss on foreign currency transactions, asset impairment loss, interest income, and other non-operating revenue streams. While operating activities are commonplace and non-operating activities are unusual, they are disclosed separately in a company’s financial statements and financial analysis. Operating income is computed by deducting the company’s sales revenue from the cost of products sold and other operating expenditures.

Examples of Non-Operating Income and Gains are given below:

If a company sells a building, and it’s not in the business of buying and selling real estate, the sale of the building is a non-operating activity. If the building were sold at a loss, the loss is considered a non-operating expense. Non-operating expenses can be contrasted with operating expenses, which relate to the day-to-day functioning of a business. A company’s revenue and its operating income can end up as two very different numbers. Direct costs are expenses specifically related to the cost of producing goods and services—things like parts, raw materials, utility bills, direct labor, and commissions or professional fees.

SEC Requirements for Non-Operating Income Reporting

Once a year, the preschool might also do a fundraising campaign to encourage past customers and other members of the community to contribute to the preschool’s capital fund. This retail business has three types of income, but only one — the sale of merchandise — is operating revenue. When you first start your business, you will probably only have one or two income-generating activities that are directly related to the sale of your product or the delivery of your service. As your business grows, you may develop other income-generating activities, but not all money coming into your business is considered revenue. It is the difference between income and (COGS) cost of goods sold minus operating expenses. S-X 5-03 mandates the companies to report in the income statement or the footnote about the loss or profit on securities and income deductions.

Non-operating income is part of a company’s revenue from non-core business operations. Some operations are directly aimed at revenue generation, while other operations are not related to the company’s main line of operations. Such operations are called non-operating activities, and revenue generated from them is called non-operating income. Non-operating income is earnings from activities outside a company’s core operations, like investments, asset sales, or subsidiary income. As the JCPenney example illustrates, the difference between revenue and operating income shows why analyzing financial statements can be challenging.

Non-Operating Cash Flow: What it is, How it Works

The template income statement here explains how to account for operating and non-operating activities. The nature of non-operating varies depending on the type of revenue, such as income in the form of interest; dividends are repeating in nature, whilst income in the form of foreign exchange gain basics of business accounting is non-recurring. Non-operating is defined as any profit or loss derived from the organization’s operations that are not directly related to the selling of goods or the provision of services. Operating incomes are recurring and are more likely to grow along with the expansion of the company.